Category English Word Hebrew Word Biblical Example (Heb) Biblical Example (Eng)
Text Chapter פֶּ֫רֶק וְאַֽל־תַּעֲמֹד֙ עַל־הַפֶּ֔רֶק Obad 1:14 Do not stand at the crossroads
Text Verse פָּסוּק
Text Row, line שׁוּרָה
Text Sentence מִשְׁפָּט
Text Word מִלָּה כִּ֤י אֵ֣ין מִ֭לָּה בִּלְשׁוֹנִ֑י Ps 139:4 even before a word is on my tongue
Text Root שֹׁ֫רֶשׁ וְכַשֹּׁ֙רֶשׁ֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ צִיָּ֔ה Isa 53:2 and like a root out of dry ground
Text Letter אוֹת
Grammar Time עֵת וַֽיְהִי֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔וא Gen 21:22 And it was at that time...
Grammar Past tense זְמַן עָבָר
Grammar Present tense זְמַן הוֹוֶה
Grammar Future tense זְמַן עָתִיד
Grammar The past הֶעָבָר
Grammar Male זָכָר זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בָּרָ֥א אֹתָֽם׃ Gen 1:27 male and female he created them
Grammar Female נְקֵבָה זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בָּרָ֥א אֹתָֽם׃ Gen 1:27 male and female he created them
Grammar Verb פּ֫וֹעַל
Grammar Noun שֵׁם עֶ֫צֶם
Question (the question mark) הֲ ... הֲשָׁל֣וֹם ל֑וֹ Gen 29:6 Is it well with him?
Question Who? מִי מִ֚י הִגִּ֣יד לְךָ֔ כִּ֥י עֵירֹ֖ם אָ֑תָּה Gen 3:11 Who told you that you were naked?
Question What? מָה מָ֛ה הַחֲל֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָלָ֑מְתָּ Gen 37:10 What is this dream that you have dreamed?
Question When? מָתַי מָתַ֛י אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֥ה גַם־אָנֹכִ֖י לְבֵיתִֽי׃ Gen 30:30 When shall I provide for my own household also?
Question Until when? How long? עַד־מָתַי עַד־מָתַי֙ אַתָּה֙ מִתְאַבֵּ֣ל אֶל‎‏־שָׁא֔וּל 1 Sam 16:1 How long will you grieve over Saul?
Question Where? אֵיפֹה אֵיפֹ֖ה הֵ֥ם רֹעִֽים׃ Gen 37:16 Where are they pasturing the flock?
Question Where? אַיֵּה אַיֵּ֖ה שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ Gen 18:9 Where is Sarah your wife?
Question Where? אֵי אֵ֖י הֶ֣בֶל אָחִ֑יךָ Gen 4:9 Where is Abel your brother?
Question To where? אָנָה וְאָ֣נָה תֵלֵ֑כִי Gen 16:8 To where are you going?
Question From where? מֵאַ֫יִן וּמֵאַ֣יִן תָּב֔וֹא Jonah 1:8 And from where do you come?
Question How? בַּמָּה בַּמָּ֥ה אֵדַ֖ע כִּ֥י ... Gen 15:8 How am I to know that…
Question How? (oft. with interj force or introducing rhetorical question) אֵיךְ   אֵיכָה וְאֵ֥יךְ אָמַ֖רְתָּ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֑וא Gen 26:9 How then could you say, "She is my sister"?
Question How many? כַּמָּה כַּמָּ֕ה יְמֵ֖י שְׁנֵ֥י חַיֶּֽיךָ׃ Gen 47:8 How many are the days of your life?
Question Why? לָ֫מָה לָמָ֤ה אָמַ֙רְתָּ֙ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֔וא Gen 12:19 Why did you say, "She is my sister"?
Question Why? מַדּוּעַ מַדּ֗וּעַ אַתָּ֤ה יוֹשֵׁב֙ לְבַדֶּ֔ךָ Ex 18:14 Why do you sit alone?
Location Here פֹּה לִ֤ינוּ פֹה֙ הַלַּ֔יְלָה Num 22:8 Lodge here tonight.
Location There שָׁם וַיָּ֣שֶׂם שָׁ֔ם אֶת־הָֽאָדָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָצָֽר׃ Gen 2:8 And he put there the man he had formed.
Time Now עַתָּה עַתָּ֣ה יָדַ֗עְתִּי כִּֽי־יְרֵ֤א אֱלֹהִים֙ אַ֔תָּה Gen 22:12 Now I know that you fear God
Time Now עַכְשָׁיו (MODERN HEBREW)
Adverb Perhaps אוּלַי אוּלַ֖י יִשָּׂ֥א פָנָֽי׃ Gen 32:21 Perhaps he will accept me (lit. "lift my face")
Adverb Because כִּי וַיְקַדֵּ֖שׁ אֹת֑וֹ כִּ֣י ב֤וֹ שָׁבַת֙ Gen 2:3 He sanctified it because on it he rested.
Adverb Because יַ֫עַן יַ֠עַן אֲשֶׁ֨ר אָמְר֤וּ אֲרָם֙ אֱלֹהֵ֤י הָרִים֙ יְהוָ֔ה 1 Kings 20:28 Because the Syrians have said, "A god of the hills is YHWH…"
Adverb Because בַּעֲבוּר אֲרוּרָ֤ה הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּֽעֲבוּרֶ֔ךָ Gen 3:17 cursed is the ground because of you
Adverb So that לְמַ֫עַן לְמַ֣עַן תֵּדַ֔ע כִּי־אֵ֖ין ‏כַּיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ‎‏׃ Ex 8:6 So that you will know that there is none like YHWH our God.
Adverb Therefore לָכֵן לָכֵ֖ן שְׁמַ֣ע דְּבַר־יְהוָ֑ה 1 Kings 22:19 Therefore hear the word of YHWH
Adverb Only רַק רַ֚ק שְׂפָתֶ֣יהָ נָּע֔וֹת 1 Sam 1:13 only her lips moved
Adverb Only, however אַךְ וַיִשָּׁ֧אֶר אַךְ־נֹ֛חַ Gen 7:23 only Noah was left
Adverb Again עוֹד וַתַּ֨הַר ע֜וֹד Gen 29:35 And she conceived again
Conjunction And וְ אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃ Gen 1:1 the heavens and the earth
Conjunction Or אוֹ כֶּ֖סֶף א֥וֹ זָהָֽב׃ Gen 44:8 silver or gold
Conjunction Also גַם בָּרֲכֵ֥נִי גַם־אָ֖נִי אָבִֽי׃ Gen 27:34 Bless me, also me, my father!
Adversative However, but אוּלָם וְאוּלָ֛ם ל֥וּז שֵׁם־הָעִ֖יר לָרִאשֹׁנָֽה׃ Gen 28:19 However, Luz was the name of the city formerly.
Adversative However, but אֲבָל אֲבָ֛ל בֵּ֥ן אֵֽין־לָ֖הּ 2 Kings 4:14 But/alas she has no son. (11x in HB)
Adversative Only, nevertheless  אַךְ אַךְ־בָּשָׂ֕ר בְּנַפְשׁ֥וֹ דָמ֖וֹ לֹ֥א תֹאכֵֽלוּ׃ Gen 9:4 But the flesh with its life, that is its blood, you shall not eat. (161x in HB)
Existence There is/was יֵשׁ אָכֵן֙ יֵ֣שׁ יְהוָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה Gen28:16 Surely YHWH is in this place.
Existence There is not/was not אֵין וְהַבּ֣וֹר רֵ֔ק אֵ֥ין בּ֖וֹ מָֽיִם׃ Gen 37:24 The pit was empty; there was no water in it.
Stuff Everything הַכֹּל הַכֹּ֖ל בָּֽא׃ Josh 21:45 Everything came to pass.
Stuff something (in affirmative sentence or oath) מְאוּמָה וְלָקַחְתִּ֥י מֵאִתּ֖וֹ מְאֽוּמָה׃ 2 Kings 5:20 I will take from him something.
Stuff anything, nothing (in neg. sentence) מְאוּמָה לֹא־תִתֶּן־לִ֣י מְא֔וּמָה Gen30:31 You shall not give me anything.
Stuff nothing שׁוּם דָּבָר (MODERN HEBREW)
Stuff nothing אֶפֶס הֵ֣ן כֻּלָּ֔ם אָ֥וֶן אֶ֖פֶס מַעֲשֵׂיהֶ֑ם Isa 41:29 Behold, they are all deception; their works are nothing.
Stuff nothing אֵין הֵ֣ן כֻּלָּ֔ם אין אֶ֖פֶס מַעֲשֵׂיהֶ֑ם Isa 41:29 Behold, they are all nothing (1QIsaa); their works are nothing.
Verb He was able יָכוֹל וְלֹ֥א יָכ֖וֹל‏ לִרְאֽוֹת‎׃ 1 Sam 4:15 he was not able to see
Verb He is able יוּכַל אִם־יוּכַ֣ל אִ֗ישׁ לִמְנוֹת֙ אֶת־עֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ Gen 13:16 If a man is able to count the dust of the earth
Expression What did Moses do? מֶה עָשָׂה מֹשֶׁה?
Expression What is Moses doing? מָה מֹשֶׁה עֹשֶׂה? מָ֛ה הַיְּהוּדִ֥ים הָאֲמֵלָלִ֖ים עֹשִׂ֑ים Neh 3:34 (Heb) What are these feeble Jews doing?
Expression What will Moses do? מַה יַּעֲשֶׂה מֹשֶׁה?
Expression What did Miriam do? מֶה עָשְׂתָה מִרְיָם?
Expression What is Miriam doing? מָה מִרְיָם עֹשָׂה? מָ֛ה הַיְּהוּדִ֥ים הָאֲמֵלָלִ֖ים עֹשִׂ֑ים Neh 3:34 (Heb) What are these feeble Jews doing?
Expression What will Miriam do? מַה תַּעֲשֶׂה מִרְיָם?
Expression Moses wants … חָפֵץ מֹשֶׁה ... וְאֵת֙ כָּל־חֵ֣שֶׁק שְׁלֹמֹ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָפֵ֖ץ לַעֲשֽׂוֹת׃ 1 Kings 9:1 all the desire of Solomon which he desired to do
Expression Miriam wants … חָפֵצָה מִרְיָם ... וּבְשִׁקּוּצֵיהֶ֖ם נַפְשָׁ֥ם חָפֵֽצָה׃ Isa 66:3 in their abominations their soul (f) delights
Expression Moses wants … מֹשֶׁה רוֹצֶה ... (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression Miriam wants … מִרְיָם רוֹצָה ... (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression Please read… קְרָא נָא קְרָ֣א נָא־זֶ֑ה וְאָמַ֕ר לֹ֥א יָדַ֖עְתִּי סֵֽפֶר׃ Isa 29:12 "Read this," and he says, "I cannot read (lit. I do not know book)"
Expression Please read… (fs) קִרְאִי נָא
Expression Please read… (mp) קִרְאוּ נָא
Expression Please read… (fp) קְרֶ֫אנָה נָא אַל־תִּקְרֶ֥אנָה לִ֖י נָֽעֳמִ֑י קְרֶ֤אןָ לִי֙ מָרָ֔א Ruth 1:20 "Do not call me Naomi. Call me Mara." (Or: קִרְאֶן cf. Ex. 1:20)
Expression Please read it again. קְרָא נָא אֵת זֶה עוֹד פַּעַם
Expression Please read it again. (fs) קִרְאִי נָא אֵת זֶה עוֹד פַּעַם
Expression Read again (ms) הוֹסֵף לִקְרֹא (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression Read again (fs) הוֹסִיפִי לִקְרֹא (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression … a second time פַּעַם שֵׁנִית
Expression I do not know… לֹא יָדַ֫עְתִּי לֹ֥א יָדַ֖עְתִּי י֥וֹם מוֹתִֽי׃ Gen 27:2 I do not know the day of my death
Expression I (m.) do not know… אֵינֶ֫נִּי יֹדֵעַ כִּֽי־אֵינֶ֥נּוּ יֹדֵ֖עַ מַה־שֶּׁיִּֽהְיֶ֑ה Eccl 8:7 For he does not know what is to be
Expression I (f.) do not know… אֵינֶ֫נִּי יֹדַ֫עַת
Expression I (m.) do not know… אֲנִי לֹא יֹדֵעַ (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression I (f.) do not know… אֲנִי לֹא יֹדַעַת (MODERN HEBREW)
Expression I (m.) think… אֲנִי חֹשֵׁב
Expression I (f.) think… אֲנִי חֹשֶׁ֫בֶת
Expression He said to himself וַיֹּאמֶר בְּלִבּוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר בְּלִבּוֹ Gen 17:17 He thought (lit. he said in his heart)
Expression He said to himself וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־לִבּוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־לִבּוֹ Gen 8:21 YHWH thought (lit. he spoke to his heart); cf also Gen 24:45
Kudos Correct! נָכוֹן
Kudos You are correct (ms). כֵּן דִּבַּרְתָּ
Kudos You are correct (fs). כֵּן דִּבַּרְתְּ
Kudos Excellent! מְצוּיָן
Kudos Beautiful! י֫וֹפִי