List of Digital Facsimiles of Biblical Hebrew Manuscripts on the Web

and a couple other odds and ends…


Dead Sea Scrolls

Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa). More to come.

Aleppo Codex

High resolution; multiple pdfs.

For online reading.

Description         The Aleppo Codex, known in Hebrew as Keter Aram Tzova is probably the most famous manuscript of the Tanach, written in the 9th or 10th century by the school of the great Massorete Ben Asher. This manuscript was used by the Rambam as a reference for the correct reading of the Tanach. The manuscript is kept in the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. This edition includes actual scanned color photos of the manuscript.

This edition includes actual scanned color photos of the manuscript in high resolution.

Leningrad Codex

High resolution; multiple pdfs.

Description         The Leningrad Codex (or Codex Leningradensis) is one of the oldest manuscripts of the complete Tanach produced according to the Tiberian mesorah. It is dated from the year 1008 according to its colophon. The manuscript is kept in the National Library of Russia in Sankt Petersburg labeled Firkovich B 19 A.This is a fascimile edition of the manuscript.

Table of contents with page numbers for the large seforimonline pdf above.

Berlin Codex

(Babylonian pointing)

Description         The Berlin Codex (Berlin Library ms. 680), also know as the New York Codex (JTS Library ms. 510) is an ancient manuscript of the Tanach (Ketuvim) from the school of Ben Asher. This is a fascimile edition of the manuscript.

Cairo Codex

Description         The Cairo Codex (or Codex Cairensis) is believed to be the oldest extant Hebrew manuscript containing the complete text of the Neviim written by the school of Ben Asher. It is dated from the year 895 CE according to its colophon. The manuscript is kept in the Karaite Synagogue in Cairo, Egypt. This is a fascimile edition of the manuscript.

Codex Hillely

Description         Codex Hillely is a manuscript of the Torah from the year 1241, from Toledo, Spain. It is kept in the JTS library in New York. This is a fascimile edition of the manuscript.

Berlin Codex

Description         The Berlin Codex (Berlin Library ms. 680), also know as the New York Codex (JTS Library ms. 510) is an ancient manuscript of the Tanach (Ketuvim) from the school of Ben Asher. This is a fascimile edition of the manuscript.

Lisbon Tanach

Description         Lisbon Tanach (or Lisbon Bible 1482) is an illuminated manuscript (British Library #2626) of the complete Tanach dating from the year 1482, from Portugal. This edition contains color photos of the manuscript.

A few pages.

ms. Heb 5702

Pentateuch. Eretz Israel. 10th century

(DjVu format)



Pentateuch with Vocalization, Accents, Masorah Magna and Masorah Parva.

Manuscript. Eretz Israel, 10th century. Parchment. 270 folios. 432x385 mm. Three columns. Written in a fine, large bold, Oriental square script, fully vocalized and with accents.

A very exact, beautiful manuscript, almost complete. One of a very small group of early manuscripts of the Pentateuch of very great importance for the research of the Masorah.

Purchased in 1914 by David S. Sassoon from the notables of the Jewish community in Damascus and hence nicknamed as "the Damascus Keter" (the "crown" of Damascus).

D.S. Sassoon, in his Ohel David catalogue, describes the manuscript as being written in a 9th century "Babylonian [i.e. Iraqi] hand"; scholars of the Hebrew University disagree with this assumption and consider it to be of Palestinian origin and written in the 10th century.

The manuscript was purchased from the Sassoon collection in 1975.

ms. Heb 790

Bible. Spain, 1260

(DjVu format)



"Damascus Keter". Bible with Vocalization, Accents, Masorah Magna and Masorah Parva.

Manuscript. Burgos, Spain, 1260. Parchment. 428 folios. 305x270 mm. Sefardi square script. Three columns per page (Proverbs, Job and Psalms in two columns)

Colophon (426v): "I, Menahem, son of Abraham ibn Malek ... wrote these twenty four [books] for ... Isaac, son of ... Abraham ... Haddad, and completed them on Monday, the 17th day of the month of Adar in the year 5020 in Burgos ... .

The Masorah Magna is written on each page in delicate micrographic ornamentations. The text of the Masorah at the opening and closing sections of the volume, as well as at the pages between the three divisions of the Bible (Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographa) are also written in micrography in the form of colored "carpet" pages, the contours of which for a combination of floral motifs and geometric forms.

The books of the Pentateuch and the Prophets are arranged in the conventional order which was adopted by later printed editions. The Hagiographa deviates from the conventional order, and from that given in the Tractate Bava Bathra (14b), and its arrangement is: Chronicles, Ruth, Psalms, Job, Proverbs, The Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra and Nehemiah.

The beginnings of sedaqrim [portions] and parashiyyot are ornamented in gold and other colors, some of them serving as illustrations of the text.

At an unknown date the manuscript reached Damascus, which explains its appelation "The Damascus Keter" (it was customary in the East to call an ornate codex of the Bible a "Keter" [Crown]". There it was kept in the synagogue of Hushbasha Al'anabi, where it was viewed by Alexander E. Harkavy in 1886 and by Avinoam Yellin in 1919. According to Yellin's report, the manuscript contained 429 leaves. And indeed, one 'carpet' leaf originally from the end of the manuscript was auctioned in 198t at Sotheby's in London, and is now in the Museo Sefaradi of Toledo.

The manuscript, without that single leaf, was auctioned at Sotheby's in 1962 and in that year was acquired for the Library through the generosity of the America-Israel Cultural Fund and Mr. N.Z. Williams of Jerusalem.

ms. Heb 1401

Bible. Spain, 1341

(DjVu format)



Bible with Vocalization and Accents, Spain, 1341

Manuscript on parchment. Saragossa, Spain, 1341. 3 volumes. 204, 206, 53 fols. 215x155 mm. Sefardi square script. 2 columns per page.

In the margins, the place usually assigned to the Masorah, the scribe copied David Kimchi's Sefer ha-shorashim ('The Book of Roots') letters alef to mem, in micrography which forms the contours for ornamental geometric motifs. The continuation of this work was written on full pages at the end of the Bible, now bound as a separate third volume. (In the past, all three present volumes formed one volume).

Colophon (vol. 2, 206v): "Completed ... in the month of Shevat, in the year 5101 ... in the city of Saragossa; I copied it for myself, Ezra ben Moses ... ben Eleazar...

The manuscript is richly oranamented. Most of the initial words of the books are in gold and other colors on a background of ornamental filigree outlines in purple and red. There is an ornamental red frame at the end of each book, including the number of its verses. The colophon is written in red, blue and silver within a double arched gothic frame surmounted by rosettes.

Order of the Latter Prophets: Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Isaiah, Minor Prophets. Order of the Hagiographa: Rith, Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Lamentations, Daniel, Esther, Ezra, Nehemiah, Chronicles (as set down in Tracta Bava Bathra 14b).

From the Estate of the late Dr. Yeshua Shami, donated by his daughters Miriam Kotev, Jerusalem and Susan Rosil, San Francisco, 1946.

Codex Bodmer 21

Tanach · Spain (?) · 13th century

Large clear images; Oddly, Psalm 1 & 2 seem to be combined as one psalm. Psalm 3 is labeled ב.


Catalogue Listing



Manuscript summary:    The Hebrew text of the Old Testament in CB 21 originated in Moorish Spain: Al-Andalus. Unlike most similar surviving manuscripts, it does not belong to the Ashkenazic tradition, but rather is an artifact of the Sephardic book culture of the 13th century. The decoration is strongly influenced by calligraphic art.



Bibel mit Masora - BSB Cod.hebr. 392, [S.l.], 13./14. Jh. [BSB-Hss Cod.hebr. 392]


Catalogue Entry



1-890 pages; Can select a page range and generate a custom pdf.


Cairo Genizah Collection

For Hebrew Biblical texts, search for "Hebrew" and look for Halper 001 -  Halper 036.



Other Facsimiles


Second Rabbinic Bible

‘Bomberg Bible’ (Not a manuscript)

David Kaufmann Collection

Not Bibles but a nice collection of very clear Hebrew manuscripts from the Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.


Other Places to Search

French National Library in Paris

There may be some treasures here but the scan quality is not great. Flash swf files.


Munich Library Hebrew Manuscripts


European Geniza Fragments Database


Hebrew Manuscripts at the Madrid University Library


Hebrew Manuscripts in the Vatican Library

This is a 775 page catalogue of 801 Hebrew manuscripts in the Vatican library, mostly medieval codices.


Biblioteca del Dottorato of the University of Perugia

Unfortunately the text is too small to read.


National Library of Israel

ms. Heb 5702, ms. Heb 790 and ms. Heb 1401 above are from this site.


Digitized Seforim Manuscripts Online

The 3 links below are from this blog posting.


*** Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts at UCLA (Link directly to Hebrew manuscripts)

Very helpful list.


*** Penn/Cambridge Genizah Fragment Project (contains fragments of various documents from the Cairo Genizah)

Looks like there’s lots here.


Oxford Library Bodleian Oriental Manuscript Collections (contains some Hebrew manuscripts under a few different categories)



Helpful Web Pages






Manuscripts Summary







ms Heb 5702

Most of Torah



Cairo Codex




Aleppo Codex

Tanach with missing parts*



Leningrad Codex

All of Tanach



Berlin Codex

Most of Neviim (Ps 20-107)

Babylonian Pointing


Codex Bodmer 21

All of Tanach



Cod hebr 392

Torah, Neviim. No Ketuvim.



Hillely Codex




ms Heb 790 Damascus Keter

All of Tanach



ms Heb 1401

All of Tanach



Lisbon Tanach




Second Rabbinic Bible**

All of Tanach






870 - 1880

Cairo Genizah Collection




*Missing parts of Aleppo Codex

·         Gen 1 - Deut 28:17 (118 pages)

·         2 Kings 14:21-18:13 (3 pages)

·         Jeremiah 29:9-31:34 (3 pages)

·         Amos 8:13 - Micah 5:1 incl. Obadiah & Jonah (3 pages)

·         End of Zeph - Zech 9:17 incl. Haggai (4 pages)

·         Psalms 15:1-25:1 (2 pages)

·         SS 3:11 - end of Kituvim incl. Eccl, Lam, Esther, Daniel, Ezra and Neh (36 pages)

·         Also first 7 pages, 1 page containing the dedication, and 20 pages at the end.

** Not a manuscript.